Best Smallest ATX Cases for Compact PC Builds in 2023

CG Director Author Jerry Jamesby Jerry James   /  Updated 

Most of us wouldn’t say no to a PC stuffed with beastly hardware, but not everyone has the desk or floor space to stash a tower the size of a child.

Fortunately, PC component and case manufacturers are catching on to the growing demand for small yet powerful rigs, so there are plenty to choose from in 2020.

Although an ultra-compact PC has its perks, there are some considerations to weigh before you buy one—not all of which are obvious.

In this guide, we’ll touch on the pros and cons you’ll want to think about before joining the travel-sized PC club, and we’ll review five of our favorite small ATX cases currently on the market.

We’re starting this article with brief look at what to look out for when shopping for a compact ATX Case. If you’d rather just skip to our recommendations, you can do so here.

Best Smallest ATX Cases – Overview

Here’s a quick overview of the compact Cases we like best. To find out why we like these the most – read on.

Lian Li Lancool 215Excellent Airflow and Thermal performanceBuy
Phanteks P300A Mesh EditionGentle on your walletInfo / Buy
NZXT H510Easy cable managementInfo / Buy
Cooler Master HAF XB EVOHorizontal layoutInfo / Buy
Corsair 275R AirflowSuperb airflowInfo / Buy

What Does ATX Mean, Anyway?

ATX stands for “Advanced Technology eXtended”, which is a notably vague and unhelpful name. It’s a motherboard specification (aka “form factor”) dating back to the mid-90s and is still the most popular type of motherboard in consumer PCs.

The ATX designation describes the motherboard’s size and general layout, which in turn give a general indication of the number and type of connectors and expansion slots.

For instance, some ATX boards may have four RAM slots, whereas others may have six or eight.

Other Motherboard Sizes

Many (if not most) gaming PCs house ATX motherboards or some variant on the ATX standard. These variants number well over a dozen, but most of them are fairly uncommon.

The two smaller ones you’ll see most frequently are Micro-ATX and Mini-ITX; the latter is essentially a variant of the ATX standard, despite its different name.

Standard ATX boards are the largest of these three types and have the most expansion slots, so they’re capable of supporting more (and thus more powerful) hardware.

Micro-ATX boards are smaller and have fewer upgrade slots, and Mini-ITX boards are smaller still, but both are more than capable of running a sleek and sexy gaming PC.

Motherboard Form Factors and Sizes Compared

Motherboard Form Factors and Sizes Compared

There is a Mini-ATX form factor, which is smaller than a Mini-ITX board, but this form factor is both uncommon and poorly defined.

To shop for one, you’ll have to do careful research on the specifications of each particular board; the “Mini-ATX” label is often used so vaguely that it’s easy to unintentionally buy something other than what you were expecting.

There are form factors larger than ATX, such as EATX and XL ATX, which definitely won’t fit into a compact ATX case—they’re too large.

Note also that, even though Micro-ATX and Mini-ITX boards will physically fit into an ATX case, the case may not have mounting holes for them, so double-check before you buy .

Choosing a Motherboard Form Factor and Case Size

Compact ATX” is a hot Google search these days, but the term generally is used to refer to a type of PC case, not to a motherboard.

It’s approximately synonymous with “mid-tower case”, which most often describes those that can accommodate an ATX motherboard and the components you’d normally attach to it, and that are roughly 40.6 cm x 25.4 cm x 45.7 cm (16” x 10” x 18”).

All of the five cases we’ve picked in the review section are mid-tower cases or smaller.

There’s another sense in which the term “compact ATX” is problematically vague: It doesn’t specify whether the case in question accepts only standard ATX boards or whether it’s also compatible with Micro-ATX and Mini-ITX boards, as many cases are.

When you’re making a list of parts for your dream PC, it’s generally best to start with the motherboard; this choice will determine which GPUs, CPUs, and RAM you can attach to it.

Once you’ve made that decision, look for a compact case with compatible mounting slots.

Take care to read the description carefully to ensure that the compact ATX case you’re eyeballing is actually compatible with your particular motherboard.

PC Case Size Comparison Graphic

PC Case Size Comparison Graphic

Can an ATX Motherboard Fit in a Micro-ATX or Mini-ITX Case?

Many (but not all) ATX cases can accommodate smaller boards, but if a case is advertised as a Micro-ATX or Mini-ITX case, it probably can’t readily accommodate a larger board.

“Readily” is the key word here; if there’s enough space for the board itself, you could always drill your own mounting holes.

Carefully read the product description to determine if the case is exactly what you’re looking for.

Drawbacks of Tiny (Gaming) PCs

An ultra-space-efficient gaming rig that you can easily carry across town for a LAN party is cool (people still have LAN parties, right?).

It’s also nice to be able to stash your PC or media center on a small shelf or behind your TV. There are a few downsides to a tiny PC, though.

For one thing, cramming a full set of gaming- or content-creation-ready hardware into a space roughly half the size of a full PC tower reduces airflow and makes it much more challenging to keep all those parts cool.

It’s possible, albeit more challenging to install liquid cooling in a compact ATX case.

Less interior space also means fewer hardware options and less upgrade potential. All else being equal, a smaller case means that there are fewer GPUs or even just less powerful low-profile GPUs and power supplies that can fit into it.

However, because small form factor PCs are steadily becoming more popular, component manufacturers are starting to offer a wider selection of space-efficient parts, so you should still have a good number of options now and in the future.

Thermaltake Case Cooling

Image-Credit: Thermaltake

It’s also worth mentioning that less space generally means fewer expansion slots in the case and (potentially) less room on the motherboard, which means you may not be able to install as many NVMe M.2 drives or RAM modules as you’d like – or fit as many 3,5″ HDDs into the case as you’d like.

This isn’t as big a problem as it was a few years ago, though; hard drive technology has come a long way, and you can still fit 32GB (or even 64GB) of RAM into two slots—more than enough for any modern game.

Still, if you want your PC or media center to have things like a DVD/Blu-ray drive or an internal SD card reader, a compact ATX case may not have room for them.

Despite their drawbacks, compact ATX builds can be a great choice, provided you have a plan to manage heat and that you don’t mind sacrificing some extra hardware that generally isn’t essential to gaming.

Best Small ATX Cases in 2020

To choose our favorite small form factor cases, we carefully combed available options for top-rated models and cross-referenced their ratings with those found on several other sites.

We also scrutinized hundreds of randomly selected reviews for each one to ensure that, by and large, they were written by real customers—not bots or paid marketers. Eventually, we narrowed dozens of top candidates down to just a few.

On top of that, our team has built a multitude of PCs of all sizes and knows exactly what to look for when buying a case.

Every case we pick will use standard ATX components, and will not rely on PCIe Risers to mount graphics cards vertically –  allowing the case to be even slimmer. I know those are options, but using risers for even single GPUs leaves too much up to the quality of those cables. For example, here’s Gamers Nexus tearing into NZXT for a faulty riser that was a fire and safety hazard.

Without further ado, here are our top five small ATX cases on the market today.

Best Overall Compact ATX Case: Lian Li Lancool 215


  • Excellent thermals and airflow with stock case fans
  • ARGB Front Fans included
  • Good cable management options
  • Great build quality
  • Removable dust trays and filters make cleaning quite straightforward


  • A bit chunkier than what most people might prefer
  • Limited mounting space for SATA hard drives and SSDs


  • Compatible form factors: E-ATX (up to 280mm), ATX, Micro-ATX, Mini-ITX
  • Exterior dimensions: (D) 462mm x (W) 215mm x (H) 482mm/18.1” x 8.4” x 18.9”
  • Approx Interior volume: 48~ liters
  • Max Internal 3.5” HDDs: 2
  • Max Internal 2.5” SSDs: 2 (One 3.5″ HDD slot can be repurposed for another 2.5″ SSD)
  • Max External 5.25” drive slots: 0
  • I/O connections: Power button, Reset button, LED button for lighting mode control, 1 x HD AUDIO, 2 x USB 3.0
  • Rear expansion slots: 7
  • Case fans: Front: 2 x 140mm or 3 x 120mm; Top: 2 x 120mm or 2 x 140mm; Top of PSU chamber: 2 x 120mm
  • Max CPU cooler height: 166 mm/6.53”
  • Max GPU length: 370 mm/14.57”
  • Max liquid cooling radiator size: 280mm x1 (top), 360mm x1 (front)

Lian Li’s Lancool 215 gets our “best overall” vote because it largely mitigates the two biggest problems that tend to come with small ATX cases, and it does so at a very reasonable price.

It’s got an impressive amount of usable interior space relative to its overall dimensions, and the mesh design combined with the honeycomb vents allows for significantly better airflow than what most similarly-sized cases can achieve.

The included 2x140mm ARGB Front case fans provide a surprisingly decent thermal performance right out of the gate. If you’re going with the Lancool 215, there’s really no need to swap out these front intake fans. They’re excellent and manage to perform admirably when it comes to keeping CPU and GPU temperatures in check.

The built-in cable management channels are helpful, too; they keep your build looking nice and neat, and out-of-the-way cables make for a cool-looking build that you can show off through the tempered glass side panel.

Well, a compact case, that houses most modern hardware and cooling solutions with ease, delivers excellent thermal performance and also offers brilliant build quality. Seems like it has it all, right? Well, it certainly does except for one issue that might bother some professionals.

If you use either more than 4 SATA storage devices, more than 2 HDDs, or more than 3 SSDs, you’re bound to run into mounting issues. The case officially only supports 2 SSDs on the back of the case and 2 HDDs in a (removable) cage at the front. You can swap out 1 HDD for an SSD in the aforementioned cage as well, taking the maximum SSD count to 3. For anything more, you have no option but to adopt more janky solutions that aren’t exactly recommended.

Best Budget-Friendly Small ATX Case: Phanteks Eclipse P300A Mesh Edition

Phanteks Eclipse P300A


  • Relatively gentle on your wallet
  • Very good build quality
  • Impressive airflow for its size – can work with both air and liquid-cooled systems
  • Offers a PSU shroud


  • The top magnetic dust cover doesn’t have great grip
  • Extremely tight fit if using a Modular PSU; many users ended up removing their 3.5″ HDD bay for convenience
  • Poor airflow towards the HDD bay area (nitpick)
  • Although tool-less, the screw threads aren’t great and are unpleasant to tighten or loosen
  • Not a good choice for a > 240mm Radiator


  • Compatible form factors: ATX, Micro-ATX, Mini-ITX
  • Exterior dimensions: 40cm x 45 cm x 20 cm/16” x 18” x 8”
  • Interior volume: 36.4 liters
  • Internal 3.5” drive slots: 2 (Read cons)
  • Internal 2.5” drive slots: 2
  • External 5.25” drive slots: 2
  • I/O connections:  USB 3.0 x2, 3.5mm audio/mic
  • Rear expansion slots: 7
  • Case fans: 120mm x3
  • Max GPU length: 35.5 cm/13.98”
  • Max liquid cooling radiator size: 240mm x1

Barring a few space issues (which is expected in a compact case, I guess), the Phanteks P300A Mesh Edition delivers quite a bit of value in the ~$60-70 price segment.

If you plan on building a fully-loaded high-end rig, you’ll find that heat may be a problem if you rely solely on air cooling. Although the case has a mesh front, its size makes larger intake fans impossible. Yes, the case boasts support for 280mm radiators, but there’s an issue.


See the top right of the case? It’s blocked by the controller for the power button and external I/O. Because this case is already such a tight fit, you’ll find that most 280mm radiators will get blocked by that top portion. Stick to 240mm (2x120mm) radiators.

Some Amazon reviewers report general quality-control problems with the case, such as badly threaded screws that make tool-less assembly impossible, or at least, unpleasant.

If you’re after a basic, compact ATX case for well under $100, the Phanteks P300 Mesh Edition is an excellent choice at its wallet-friendly price point.

Best Mid-range Compact ATX Case: NZXT H510


Image-Credit: NZXT


  • Easily configurable for liquid or air cooling
  • Sleek, easy cable management
  • USB 3.1 and USB-C connectors


  • May have quality control problems, according to Amazon reviews


  • Compatible form factors: ATX, Micro-ATX, Mini-ITX
  • Exterior dimensions: 46 cm x 42.8 cm x 21 cm/18” x 16.85” x 8.25”
  • Interior volume: 41.35 liters
  • Internal 3.5” drive slots: 3
  • Internal 2.5” drive slots: 3
  • External 5.25” drive slots: 0
  • I/O connections: USB 3.1 Type A x1, USB 3.1 Type C x1. 3.5mm audio/mic
  • Rear expansion slots: 7
  • Case fans: 120mm x2, 140mm x1
  • Max CPU cooler height: 16.5cm/6.5”
  • Max GPU length: 38 cm/15” without radiator, 32.5 cm/12.8” with radiator
  • Max liquid cooling radiator size: 140mm x2 (front), 120mm x1 (rear)

This space-efficient case is designed to make your next build as easy and modular as possible. It comes with a pre-installed liquid cooling radiator mount, but you can easily pop it out and use that space for something (or nothing) else if you’d rather rely on air cooling.

Cable management is a breeze with multiple routing channels and an included kit that has adjustable ties and fasteners.

The case also has USB 3.1 and USB-C ports on the front, negating the need for annoying and often unreliable adapters (provided you have a motherboard that supports both types of connections).

The side panel is held in place with a single thumbscrew, meaning it can’t randomly fall off as so many latch-based side panels are prone to do.

Unfortunately, quality control seems to be NZXT’s weak point. Some Amazon buyers report that the case arrived damaged, with stripped screw holes, or with missing parts.

On the bright side, the company offers a two-year warranty—double what many others offer—and generally good customer service; many Amazon buyers who initially had problems with the case report in their reviews that NZXT fixed those problems with minimal fuss.

We also don’t want to overstate the quality control problem; although reports of such problems are somewhat common, the majority of people who own this case seem to be quite happy with it.

Best Premium Small ATX Case: Cooler Master HAF XB EVO

Cooler Master HAF XB EVO

Image-Credit: Cooler Master


  • Horizontal layout and sturdy carrying handles make for easy transport
  • Four total drive bays that support 3.5” and 5.25” drives
  • Generally excellent airflow


  • Assembly can be tricky
  • Regular maintenance is a pain


  • Compatible form factors: ATX, Micro-ATX, Mini-ITX
  • Exterior dimensions: 44.2 cm/33 cm/42.3 cm/17.4” x 13” x 16.7”
  • Interior volume: 61.7 liters
  • Internal 2.5”/3.5” combo drive slots: 4
  • External 5.25” drive slots: 2
  • I/O connections: USB 3.0 x2, 3.5mm audio/mic
  • Rear expansion slots: 7
  • Case fans: 120mm x2
  • Max CPU cooler height: 18 cm/7.1”
  • Max GPU length: 33.4 cm/13.1”
  • Max liquid cooling radiator size: 240mm x1 (front), 120mm x1 (rear)

If you’ve been struggling to find a horizontal, LAN-box-style case that can accommodate ATX, Micro-ATX, and Mini-ITX boards, look no further. The Cooler Master HAF XB EVO is a space-efficient case with great temperature control.

There’s room for a GPU up to 34.3 cm/13.5” long, four 3.5” and/or 5.25” devices, and pretty much any CPU heatsink on the market.

The case is supremely easy to move and transport, is virtually immune to tipping over, and because the heat-generating components sit on the bottom, hot air naturally rises and easily exits through the top of the case.

Because of this layout, temps stay low even though there’s less overall free space inside than in a similarly-sized vertical case.

The XB EVO’s heat-dissipating layout is also the source of its only major flaw. Because of its shape, you’ll have to install your components in a specific and unintuitive order.

This also makes regular maintenance somewhat annoying, as it’s difficult or impossible to remove some of the air filters without first removing fans and/or some of your hard drives. At worst, though, this adds a few minutes to your monthly cleaning routine.

Provided you don’t mind a $175 price tag and a bit of extra disassembly and reassembly, the XB EVO is one of the best small ATX cases out there.

Best Airflow in a Compact ATX Case: Corsair 275R Airflow

Corsair 275R Airflow

Image-Credit: Corsair


  • Superb airflow and temperature control
  • Room for multiple extra fans and/or liquid cooling radiators
  • Space for up to six hard drives


  • Requires frequent cleaning
  • A bit expensive for what you get


  • Compatible form factors: ATX, Micro-ATX, Mini-ITX
  • Exterior dimensions: 45.7 cm x 45.7 cm x 21.6 cm/18” x 18” x 8.5”
  • Interior volume: 45.1 liters
  • Internal 3.5” drive slots: 2
  • Internal 2.5” drive slots: 4
  • External 5.25” drive slots: 0
  • I/O connections: USB 3.0 x2, 3.5mm audio
  • Rear expansion slots: 9
  • Case fans: 120mm x3
  • Max CPU cooler height: 17 cm/6.7”
  • Max GPU length: 37 cm/14.6”
  • Max liquid cooling radiator size: 120mm x1 (rear), 240mm x1 (top), 360mm x1 (front)

Keeping your GPU and CPU temps low is one of the biggest challenges associated with small ATX cases, but you shouldn’t have that problem with the Corsair 275R Airflow, which is nice and roomy on the inside while maintaining a small exterior footprint.

The front panel has more holes than not-holes, ensuring that tons of fresh air will get into the case (there’s adequate outflow on the top, back, and right side, too).

There’s room for up to six hard drives; and six fans, two liquid cooling systems with radiators up to 360mm, or some combination thereof. There are also a ton of RGB lights for those of you who are into that (and if you’re not, you could just not plug them in).

Unfortunately, the design that maximizes airflow also maximizes dust. Because there’s no dust filter in the front panel, you’ll need to be diligent about cleaning the inside frequently.

Given that the case is space-efficient but otherwise fairly bare-bones, its $150 price tag seems high, but not outrageously so.

Overall, the 275R Airflow is an excellent compact ATX case. If you’re concerned about your core temps but want to keep your case under 45.7 cm/18” on its longest side, this one deserves serious consideration.

Happy Space-Efficient Gaming & Working!

Bigger isn’t always better. The smallest ATX cases of five years ago kind of sucked compared to the generally excellent ones you can find today.

As long as you have solid plans for keeping your components cool and for upgrading your travel-sized rig a few years down the line, a slim PC case is a great buy.

Is there a mid-tower (or smaller) ATX case you love that you’d like to let us know about? Have any questions about compact ATX cases that we can answer for you?

Let us know in the Forum or the comments!

CGDirector is Reader-supported. When you buy through our links, we may earn an affiliate commission.

Jerry James

Hi, I’m Jerry – a Freelance Technical Content Writer and Strategist.
I’ve been building PCs for the past two decades, and I’m not stopping anytime soon.
Feel free to comment and ask for my inputs on your PC builds; I’ll do my best to help out!


Also check out our Forum for feedback from our Expert Community.

Leave a Reply

  • Dick Johnson

    You missed the mark with this guide! All the cases you have highlighted don’t even meet the Slim/Compact/ATX/Full Size Graphics Card criteria. They are all FAT Mid Towers (to me 7″ to 8″ wide is FAT) of which there are millions!

    The best case in this category is the Thermaltake G3 by a LONG SHOT!!!

    Dimensions: 17.9 x 5.5 x 14.6 (Yes, you read it correctly 5.5 inches wide! Now that is slim country)
    Cooling System: Front (intake) : 2 x 120 Top 1 x 120
    VGA Full Size: Card length limitation: 310mm (With Front Fan) (Side mount also available will accommodate a longer card)
    Drive Bays: -Hidden : 2 x 3.5’’ or 2.5’’

    Unfortunately, it’s a challenge to find one in stock now days… Go Brandon!

    I have done four builds with this slim, 5.5″ case. It’s the only chassis on the market that will accommodate a full size graphic card, an SFX PSU and an ATX motherboard. Furthermore, it’s designed to stand vertically or lie horizontally and it has a window to boot! All for an MSRP of $79.00 ..


  • Darrow

    Unfortunately, this list starts out with a case I already have, and because I already have it, I can say that it is GIGANTIC. Sure, it may technically be smaller than some of the biggest ATX monoliths out there, but that doesn’t change the fact that it is MASSIVE and definitely not what someone is looking for when they search for “compact ATX cases.” I’m going to have to look elsewhere for something of reasonable size, it seems. Considering that you mention micro ATX, I’m surprised that you didn’t mention any on this list; not that you needed to go micro ATX to get something smaller then that monstrosity.

    • Iteatsme

      Why didn’t I read the comments section first :facepalm: *sigh*. I was looking for a good quality COMPACT case to downsize my existing rig.

      As Darrow states, this case is GIGANTIC. Don’t get me wrong, it’s a great case. Aside from size the article review is spot on, but it shouldn’t even register on this list. Move it to overall best ATX case category.

      I checked the dim’s 13″x16″x18″ but didn’t compare to other cases… that’s on me.

      Now do I keep this awesome case, or return it and get an actual compact one :shrug:.

      • Alex Glawion

        This list is in serious need of an overhaul, sorry about that! We’ll get on it asap.


        • iteatsme

          🙂 lol. No worries, but thanks for the reply!

          The smaller Corsair Carbide Air 240 is in the same series and a nice compact cube case similar to the LianLis, but it only takes microATX so don’t think it would suit this list.

          Aside from the category mishap, there are very good reviews on this list.

          Have a fantastic day!

  • Amalyn

    Hi there!

    I work in graphic design and would like to invest on a PC that’s powerful enough to last maybe 4-5 years without me having to upgrade anything. Would appreciate your help if you can assist me in picking the best parts that would fit a small case. Not an ITX case though but closet to that, i guess? Budget is 1.5k$ but can stretch to 1.7k$ if needed. Thanks.


    • Alex Glawion

      Hey Amalyn,
      Here’s a compact mATX build with great performance:

      CPU: Intel Core i9-9900KF 3.6 GHz 8-Core Processor ($489.99)
      CPU Cooler: Noctua NH-U12A 60.09 CFM CPU Cooler ($106.89)
      Motherboard: MSI MPG Z390M GAMING EDGE AC Micro ATX LGA1151 Motherboard ( $192.53)
      Memory: Corsair Vengeance LPX 32 GB (2 x 16 GB) DDR4-3333 CL16 Memory ( $181.89)
      Storage: Samsung 970 Evo Plus 1 TB M.2-2280 NVME Solid State Drive ($150.00)
      Video Card: EVGA GeForce RTX 2060 SUPER 8 GB XC ULTRA GAMING Video Card ($388.49)
      Case: Fractal Design Meshify C Mini MicroATX Mini Tower Case ($114.49)
      Power Supply: Thermaltake Toughpower GF1 PE 850 W 80+ Gold Certified Fully Modular ATX Power Supply ($148.02)
      Case Fans: 3x Noctua NF-A12x25 PWM Premium-Quality Quiet 120mm Fan, Brown (Purchased For $75)
      Total: $1941.12

      Hope this helps,

  • Stefan Iyapah

    Thanks for this article! I have a question actually about bigger cases. I’m currently building a PC to use mostly for After Effects and C4D animation/modelling/GPU Rendering.

    My setup so far is

    CPU: Intel i9 9900K
    GPU: ASUS ROG Strix GeForce RTX 2080 Ti OC Edition 11 GB
    MOBO: ASUS ROG Maximus XI Hero (Wi-Fi) Z390
    RAM: Corsair Vengeance LPX 64 GB (4x16GB)
    Cooler: Corsair H150i RGB PRO XT AIO Cooler

    I’m planning to overclock a little and I’m wondering what the best case is for cooling especially considering that I have the big H150i 360mm AIO cooler. Is there a best position to put the cooler too? I noticed some cases have space at the top for a 360mm water cooler whereas some have on the front.

    Many Thanks for your help 🙂


    • Alex Glawion

      Hey Stefan,
      The following are all cases that we have found to be excellent and support 360mm AIOs. Some are bigger, some are more compact.

      – Corsair Carbide Series 275Q ATX Mid Tower Case
      – Fractal Design Define R5 Black ATX Mid Tower Case
      – be quiet! Pure Base 600 Black ATX Mid Tower Case
      – Corsair Carbide Series Air 540
      – Phanteks Enthoo Pro ATX Full Tower Case
      – be quiet! Dark Base PRO 900 Black Rev. 2 Full Tower Case

      Both front and top radiator placement has its pro and cons. With front placement you have both case intake fans and cpu cooling in one, saving you to place more case fans. Con is that the air that is pulled in, is already heated from the cpu radiator, so the rest of the components are given already heated air.

      With top placement you have the benefit of the air not being heated on intake, but you need some additional case fans for air intake into the case.